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For example, an inscription of Psalm 1, “Open to me the gates of righteousness,” has several discrepancies from the text redacted in the Greek translation of the Bible, the Septuagint.
“They are local people,” said Aviam, “who probably couldn’t bring the best artists, and as a result one sees many mistakes.” For the most part, the names listed in the inscriptions are of local people, mostly of Greater Syrian origin, and some with a marked Phoenician influence.
The newly discovered mosaic, whose inscription provides the date of the church’s completion as 445, accords Irenaeus the title of “episkopos” or bishop of Tyre, capital of Phoenice.
The clear historical proof puts an old academic controversy to rest and gives credence to a date as early as 444 CE for his ordination. This inscription is a “great opportunity to connect the name on the mosaic, with that from the history books,” said Aviam.
KPIX 5's Kiet Do took the "Onewheel" for a spin.
A peacock adorns this 5-meter long Greek inscription naming the archbishop of Tyre found west of the Sea of Galilee, in the summer of 2017, in an excavation co-directed by historian Jacob Ashkenazi and archaeologist Mordechai Aviam.
(Yehoshoa Dray) Irenaeus, named in the mosaic as the bishop of Tyre upon the church’s completion in 445 CE, was a friend of Nestorius, a controversial leading figure in 5th century Christendom.
Associates of Nestorius such as Irenaeus saw their fates rise and fall alongside their friend.
Until the discovery of the mosaic this summer, it was unclear in which year Irenaeus was ordained as bishop of Tyre.